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10 Oldest State Capitol Buildings Still in Use

State capitol buildings are landmarks of every capital city across the United States. Many of the current state capitols have been in continuous use since they were first constructed in the 18th and 19th centuries. As such old buildings, all of the state capitols on this list have had extensive renovations over the years, but the overall style of the buildings has remained the same. Of all the state capitol buildings, these 10 are the oldest and all of them are still in use and open to the public for tours as well.

10. Tennessee State Capitol

Built: 1845 – 1859
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Nashville, Tennessee
Architect: William Strickland

Tennessee State Capitolphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

The Tennessee State Capitol was built on the site of the former Holy Rosary Cathedral (no longer extant), which was the first Roman Catholic cathedral built in Nashville. The State Capitol was designed by renowned Philadelphia architect William Strickland and it was modeled after a Greek Ionic temple. Following Strickland’s sudden death in 1854, the Tennessee State Capitol’s construction was continued by his son Francis. Today, the Tennessee State Capitol serves as the home of the Tennessee General Assembly and the location of the governor’s office.

Did You Know?

The American Society of Civil Engineers has designated the Tennessee State Capitol as a civil engineering landmark in recognition of its innovative construction, which made unusually extensive use of stone and was an early example of the use of structural iron.


9. Ohio Statehouse

Built: 1839 – 1861
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Columbus, Ohio
Architect: Multiple

Ohio Statehousephoto source: Wikimedia Commons

The Ohio Statehouse‘s construction started in 1839, but did not finish until much later in 1861, due to various setbacks including a cholera epidemic, fires, and general setbacks. In 1838,  Ohio’s government held a competition to select the design for the new statehouse. Three winners were selected: first prize was awarded to Henry Walter of Cincinnati, the second to Martin Thompson of New York, and the third to painter Thomas Cole, also of New York. However, due to the numerous setbacks, the Ohio Statehouse was redesigned several times before it was completed.

Did You Know?

During an eight year lapse in construction (from 1840 to 1848) on the Ohio Statehouse, the completed basement and foundations were actually filled in with soil and Capitol Square was used as a pasture.


8. Vermont State House

Built: 1833 – 1838
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Montpelier, Vermont
Architect: Thomas Silloway

Vermont State Housephoto source: Wikimedia Commons

The current Vermont State House was built on the same site as the first State House originally built in 1808. This (current) State House was designed by Thomas Silloway, who amplified the design of the second State House structure designed by Ammi B. Young. Young’s State House was almost completely destroyed by a fire in 1857, but Silloway managed to salvage Doric portico, as well as portions of the granite walls. The general style of the building is Neoclassical and Greek Revival and is furnished in American Empire, Renaissance Revival, and Rococo Revival styles. Today the Vermont State House is the centerpiece of the Montpelier Historic District.

Did You Know?

Some of the marble floors of the Vermont State House contain fossils as the marble, which is from Lake Champlain, used to be part of a reef in a shallow sea 480 million years ago.


7. North Carolina State Capitol

Built: 1833 – 1840
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Raleigh, North Carolina
Architect: Architectural firm of Ithiel Town and Alexander Jackson Davis; William Nichols, Sr. and his son William Nichols, Jr., Town and Davis, and then David Paton

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

The current North Carolina State Capitol building was built in 1833 after the first North Carolina State House burned down in 1831. The North Carolina State Capitol was worked on by a number of architects and designers, but was primarily designed in a Greek Revival-style. The Capitol housed all of North Carolina’s state government until 1888. That year, the Supreme Court and State Library moved into a separate building. Currently, the North Carolina State Capitol is undergoing restoration, which started in September 2019.

Did You Know?

The North Carolina State Capitol has a lot of statues on its grounds, including a replica of the original George Washington statue by Antonio Canova, which was destroyed by the 1831 fire.


6. Maine State House

Built: 1829 – 1832
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Augusta, Maine
Architect: Charles Bulfinch

photo source: Flickr via David Wilson

The Maine State House was completed in 1832, just one year after Augusta became the state’s capital. The building was made using Maine granite and is based on the design of the Massachusetts State House to honor the two states’ history – Maine was part of Massachusetts before it gained statehood in 1820. For several decades following the completion of major renovations in 1911, the Maine State House remained mostly untouched, except for minor repairs. The building was finally updated in the late 1990s and the old dome was replaced in 2014.

Did You Know?

A gilded statue of Minerva, the Lady of Wisdom, designed by William Clark Noble sits atop the dome of the Maine State House – she was also re-gilded and fixed up during the 2014 dome reconstruction.


5. New Hampshire State House

Built: 1816 – 1819
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Concord, New Hampshire
Architect: Stuart Park

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Discussions over a proper state capitol building in New Hampshire began in 1814, but because of the political climate of the U.S. at the time, construction on the New Hampshire State House did not start until 1816. Although it is not the oldest state capitol building, the New Hampshire State House is the oldest state house in the nation in which the legislature still occupies its original chambers. Like the dome on the Massachusetts State House, the New Hampshire State House dome is gilded with gold leaf. To keep the dome looking fresh, it is re-gilded every few decades, most recently in 2016.

Did You Know?

The New Hampshire State House, which rises approximately 150 feet into the air, is still the highest architectural point in the city of Concord.


4. Massachusetts State House

Built: 1795 – 1798
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Architect: Charles Bulfinch

Massachusetts State Housephoto source: Wikimedia Commons

The Massachusetts State House was designed by American architect Charles Bulfinch and was completed in 1798. This capitol building is considered a masterpiece of Federal architecture and among Bulfinch’s finest works, and was designated a National Historic Landmark for its architectural significance. The most recognizable feature of the Massachusetts State House is its stunning golden dome, which is gilded in 23 karat gold leaf. The last time that the Massachusetts State House was expanded was in 1917 when the east and west wings, designed by architects Sturgis, Bryant, Chapman & Andrews, were completed.

Did You Know?

During World War II, the golden dome of the Massachusetts State House was painted gray so it would not attract the attention of possible enemy ships at sea or enemy planes overhead.


3. New Jersey State House

Built: 1792
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Trenton, New Jersey
Architect: Jonathon Doane

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

The New Jersey State House is the third oldest state capitol building still in use and dates back to 1792.  The State House was designed by Jonathon Doane on a 3.75 acre-site that cost 250 British pounds, about $400 today. Like all of the oldest state capitol buildings, the New Jersey State House was expanded several times to meet the growing demands of New Jersey and its citizens. The building houses both chambers of the Legislature (the Senate and the General Assembly), as well as offices for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and several state government departments.

Did You Know?

The New Jersey State House is the closest capitol building to a state border of any state capitol, with the bridge to Pennsylvania located only a few blocks away.


2. Virginia State Capitol

Built: 1785 – 1788
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Richmond, Virginia
Architect: Thomas Jefferson and Charles-Louis Clérisseau

Virginia State Capitolphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

The Virginia State Capitol building was designed by Thomas Jefferson and Charles-Louis Clérisseau after the Virginia legislature voted to move the capital from Williamsburg to Richmond in 1779. The Capitol’s design is based on the Maison Carrée in Nîmes, France. Besides the Vermont State House, the Virginia State Capitol is the only other state capitol building to accurately copy an ancient model.  Construction began in 1785 and the Virginia General Assembly held its first session in the building in 1788.

Did You Know?

The Virginia State Capitol is one of only eleven Capitols in the United States without an external dome – the others are Capitols of Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon and Tennessee.


1. Maryland State House

Built: 1772 – 1797
Still in Use:  Yes
Location: Annapolis, Maryland
Architect: Joseph Horatio Anderson

Maryland State Housephoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Construction of the Maryland State House began in 1772, making it the oldest state capitol building still in use. Due to the ongoing American Revolutionary War, the Maryland State House was not completed until 1797. The building was designed by Joseph Horatio Anderson, who also designed St Anne’s Church across the State Circle.

Although the Maryland State House was still under construction when the Continental Congress came to Annapolis in 1783, they used the Old Senate Chamber – one of the only sections completed at the time – to host their meetings. In 1784, the Continental Congress signed the Treaty of Paris – the document that officially ended the Revolutionary War – in the Maryland State House.

Did You Know?

The Maryland State House is topped by the largest wooden dome in the United States constructed without nails.

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10 Oldest Living Baseball Hall of Famers

Baseball is one of America’s greatest pastimes and some of the greatest athletes of all time have been baseball players. All of the men on this list were inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame for their achievements as players, coaches, managers, or Commissioner of Baseball in Bud Selig’s case. Although these Hall of Famers are in their 80s and 90s, many of them are still actively involved with the MLB, holding various executive positions or advisory roles.

As of July 2020, the information on this list is as accurate as possible and will be updated as needed.

10. Bill Mazeroski (September 5, 1936 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 83 years, 9 months, 26 days
Birthplace:  Wheeling, West Virginia, USA
Years Active: 1956 – 1972
Team(s): Pittsburgh Pirates
Position: Second Baseman
Year Inducted into HOF: 2001

Bill Mazeroskiphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Bill Mazeroski spent 17 seasons as the second baseman for the Pittsburgh Pirates. Mazeroski Mazeroski is widely regarded as one of the best fielders ever, at any position. He quickly became known for his defensive prowess and earned his first of eight Gold Glove Awards in 1958. Following his playing career, Mazeroski spent a few years as a third-base coach for the Pirates and the Seattle Mariners. Mazeroski was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2001. During the induction ceremony, Mazeroski was so overcome with emotion, that he was unable to deliver his speech and ended up apologizing to those who “had to come all the way up here to hear this crap!”

Did You Know?

During the 1960 World Series, which the Pittsburgh Pirates won, Bill Mazeroski hit a walk-off home run in Game 7, the only game 7 walk-off homer in World Series history.


9. Sandy Koufax (December 30, 1935 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 84 years, 6 months, 2 days
Birthplace:  Brooklyn, New York, USA
Years Active: 1955 – 1966
Team(s): Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers
Position: Pitcher
Year Inducted into HOF: 1972

Sandy Koufaxphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Sandy Koufax is another baseball legend who is still alive and well. Koufax, who has been hailed as one of the greatest pitchers in baseball history, played with the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers for 12 seasons. Unfortunately, Koufax’s outstanding career was cut short when he developed arthritis in the his left elbow. Despite ending his career early, Koufax’s 2,396 career strikeouts are ranked 7th in history. Koufax was the first major league pitcher to pitch four no-hitters and the eighth pitcher to pitch a perfect game in baseball history.

Did You Know?

Sandy Koufax won three Cy Young Awards in 1963, 1965, and 1966, by unanimous votes, making him the first three-time Cy Young winner in baseball history.


8. Bob Gibson (November 9, 1935 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 84 years, 7 months, 22 days
Birthplace:  Omaha, Nebraska, USA
Years Active: 1959 – 1975
Team(s): St. Louis Cardinals
Position: Pitcher
Year Inducted into HOF: 1981

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Bob Gibson is a former baseball pitcher played 17 seasons with the St. Louis Cardinals. Although he was often sick as a child, Gibson got stronger and excelled in sports, particularly baseball and basketball. Gibson was so skilled in both sports that when he started his professional career he briefly played for the Harlem Globetrotters while also playing for the Cardinals. Obviously, Gibson decided to only continue his baseball career, which ended with 251 wins, 3,117 strikeouts, and a 2.91 earned run average (ERA). Gibson is also a nine-time All-Star and two-time World Series champion. Additionally, Gibson won two Cy Young Awards and the 1968 National League (NL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award.

Did You Know?

In 1965, Bob Gibson won the first of nine consecutive Golden Glove awards.


7. Bud Selig (July 30, 1934 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 85 years, 11 months, 2 days
Birthplace:  Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Years Active: 1992 – 2015 (Commissioner of Baseball); 2015 – present (Commissioner Emeritus of Baseball)
Team(s): N/A
Position: 9th Commissioner of Baseball; Commissioner Emeritus of Baseball
Year Inducted into HOF: 2017

Bud Seligphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Bud Selig is the only Hall of Famer on this list who was not a former player, manager, or coach. Instead, Selig is known for being the 9th Commissioner of Baseball as well as the first Commissioner Emeritus of Baseball, a role that was created specificially for him in 2015. Before becoming acting commissioner in 1992, Selig was part owner of the Milwaukee Brewers and after he accepted the role of Baseball Commissioner, Selig transferred his ownership to his daughter. Originally, Selig’s role as Commissioner was set to expire in 2012, but he decided to stay on past his 80th birthday. Selig finally retired at the beginning of 2015.

Did You Know?

Bud Selig’s tenure as Commissioner of Baseball was marred by some controversies, most notably The Mitchell Report, which revealed that the use of steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs was widespread among players.


6. Luis Aparicio (April 29, 1934 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 86 years, 2 months, 2 days
Birthplace:  Maracaibo, Venezuela
Years Active: 1956 – 1973
Team(s): Chicago White Sox, Baltimore Orioles, and Boston Red Sox
Position: Shortstop
Year Inducted into HOF: 1984

Luis Apariciophoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Luis Aparicio, who hails from Venezuela, is the only foreign-born Hall of Famer on this list. Aparicio, nicknamed “Little Louie” is the the first player from Venezuela to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. From 1956 to 1973, Aparicio played as a shortstop, mostly for the Chicago White Sox, but also for the Baltimore Orioles and Boston Red Sox. Aparicio was known for his exceptional defensive and base stealing skills. MLB legend Ted Williams called Aparicio “the best shortstop he had ever seen.”

Did You Know?

There is a sports complex in Luis Aparicio’s hometown, Maracaibo, Venezuela, that is named after the legendary shortstop.


5. Hank Aaron (February 5, 1934 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 86 years, 4 months, 26 days
Birthplace:  Mobile, Alabama, USA
Years Active: 1954 – 1976
Team(s): Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves and Milwaukee Brewers
Position: Right Fielder
Year Inducted into HOF: 1982

Hank Aaronphoto source: Flickr via Baseball Collection

Like a few of the other Hall of Famers on this list, Hank Aaron is often called one of the greatest baseball players in history. Aaron played 21 seasons for the Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves in the National League (NL) and two seasons for the Milwaukee Brewers in the American League (AL). For most of his career, Aaron was a right fielder although he did sometimes appear in other infield and outfield positions. Since his retirement, Aaron has held various executive roles with the Atlanta Braves, including Senior Vice President.

Did You Know?

Hank Aaron holds the record for the most All-Star Game selections (25) and is tied with Willie Mays and Stan Musial for the most All-Star Games played (24). Aaron is also one of only four players to have at least 17 seasons with 150 or more hits.


4. Whitey Herzog (November 9, 1931 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 88 years, 7 months, 22 days
Birthplace:  New Athens, Illinois, USA
Years Active: 1956 – 1963 as player; 1973 – 1990 as manager
Team(s): Washington Senators, Kansas City Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, and Detroit Tigers; Texas Rangers, California Angels, Kansas City Royals, and St. Louis Cardinals (manager)
Position: Outfielder and Manager
Year Inducted into HOF: 2010

Whitey Herzogphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Although Whitey Herzog spent seven years as an outfielder, he is better known for his managerial career with the various teams. After his playing career ended, Herzog went on to perform a variety of roles in Major League Baseball, including scout, manager, coach, general manager, and farm system director. When Herzog was manager for the Kansas City Royals, he led the team to three consecutive playoff appearances from 1976 to 1978. Then as a St. Louis Cardinals manager, Herzog guided the team to win the 1982 World Series.

Did You Know?

At the end of Whitey Herzog’s managerial career, he produced1,281 regular-season wins.


3. Willie Mays (May 6, 1931 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 89 years, 1 month, 26 days
Birthplace:  Westfield, Alabama, USA
Years Active: 1951 – 1973
Team(s): New York/San Francisco Giants and New York Mets
Position: Center Fielder
Year Inducted into HOF: 1979

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Willie Mays is considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time and was inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1979 for his achievements. Mays played Major League Baseball for nearly 22 seasons and spent most of his time with the New York/San Francisco Giants. He finished his career with the New York Mets. Mays’ career was filled with many achievements, including two National League (NL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards, 660 home runs – third at the time of his retirement and currently fifth all-time – and won a record-tying 12 Gold Glove awards beginning in 1957, when the award was introduced.

Did You Know?

Willie Mays hit over 50 home runs in 1955 and 1965, representing the longest time span between 50-plus home run seasons for any player in Major League Baseball history.


2. Whitey Ford (October 21, 1928 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 91 years, 8 months, 11 days
Birthplace:  New York City, New York, USA
Years Active: 1950 – 1967
Team(s): New York Yankees
Position: Pitcher
Year Inducted into HOF: 1974

Whitey Fordphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Besides Tommy Lasorda, Whitey Ford is the only other living Baseball Hall of Famer in his 90s. Ford spent his entire 16-year career with the New York Yankees and since Yogi Berra’s death in 2015, Ford has been dubbed “The Greatest Living Yankee.” Ford was known for his calm demeanor even during high pressure situations. This combined with his skill led him to rise from the No. 4 pitcher on the Yankees to No.1 by the end of his career.

Did You Know?

Whitey Ford is a ten-time MLB All-Star and six-time World Series champion.


1. Tommy Lasorda (September 22, 1927 – Present)

Current Age (as of July 2020): 92 years, 9 months, 9 days
Birthplace:  Norristown, Pennsylvania, USA
Years Active: 1954 – 1956 as a player; 1973 – 1976 as a coach; 1976 – 1996 as a manager
Team(s): Brooklyn Dodgers and Kansas City Athletics; Los Angeles Dodgers (coach and manager)
Position: Pitcher, Coach, and Manager
Year Inducted into HOF: 1997

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

At 92, Tommy Lasorda is currently the oldest living Baseball Hall of Famer. Lasorda only played baseball for two years before briefly coaching the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 1970s. Most of Lasorda’s career was spent as the manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers. Following his retirement, Lasorda held various executive positions within the Dodgers’ organization.

Currently, Lasorda Special Advisor to the Chairman where his responsibilities include scouting, evaluating and teaching minor league players, acting as an advisor and ambassador for the Dodgers’ international affiliations, and representing the organization. Lasorda has been with the Dodgers for over 70 seasons, the longest tenure anyone has had with the team.

Did You Know?

In 2000, Tommy Lasorda came out of retirement to manage the United States team at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia – the team won the gold medal.

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6 Oldest Living Vice Presidents of the United States (2020)

Although the vice president of the United States of America is the second-highest office in the executive branch just behind the president, sometimes vice presidents seem to just fade in the background, overshadowed by a strong president. This makes it easy to forget that the vice president actually wields a lot of power and influence and that choosing the right running mate can often make or break a candidate’s bid for the presidency.

Currently there are six living vice presidents, which is a lot. There have only been two times in history with seven living vice presidents (i.e., the incumbent and six former vice presidents): January 1993 to April 1994 and January 2017 to November 2018.

As of June 2020, the information on this list is as accurate as possible and will be updated as needed.

6. Mike Pence (June 7, 1959 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 61 years, 23 days
In Office:  January 20, 2017 – Present
President: Donald Trump
[ Political Party: Republican

Mike Pencephoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Mike Pence is the current vice president of the United States under Donald Trump. Like Trump, Pence has been a politically controversial figure. Known for being a staunch Christian conservative, Pence has encountered fierce resistance from moderate members of his party (Republican), the business community, and LGBTQ+ advocates.

Before becoming vice president in 2017, Pence served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. Pence went on to become the 50th governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017. As governor, Pence intinitiated the largest tax cut in Indiana’s history and also signed bills intended to heavily restrict abortions. As vice president, Pence has continued to push his conservative agenda and while campaigning during the 2016 presidential election, Pence was declared the most conservative vice-presidential candidate in the last 40 years, according to a FiveThirtyEight rating of candidates’ ideology.

Did You Know?

Surprisingly, Mike Pence admitted that he was a Democrat when he was younger and that he voted for Jimmy Carter, not Ronald Reagan in the 1980 presidential election.


5. Al Gore (March 31, 1948 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 72 years, 2 months, 30 days
In Office:  January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001
President: Bill Clinton
[ Political Party: Democratic

Al Gorephoto source: Wikimedia Commons


Al Gore was the 45th vice president under Bill Clinton and is also known for his environmentalism. In fact, Gore was one of the first prominent figures in the U.S. to speak publicly about the dangers of climate change. In 2007, Gore, along with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, won the Nobel Peace Prize for “informing the world of the dangers posed by climate change.”

After graduating from college, Gore was drafted and decided to enlist in the Army even though he was against the Vietnam War. Gore felt that it would help his father’s reelection efforts, which were rocky because Albert Gore Sr. was very vocal about his opposition to the Vietnam War – Albert Gore served in the U.S. House of Representatives as well as the Senate.

Following the war, Gore worked as an investigative reporter and then decided suddenly to run for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976 when he found out that his father’s former seat in the House was about to be vacated. Gore served in Congress (in both the House and Senate) for the next 16 years before becoming Vice President in 1993.

Did You Know?

Before becoming vice president, Al Gore did attempt to run for president in 1988 but was defeated in the Democratic primaries by Michael Dukakis.


4. Dan Quayle (February 4, 1947 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 73 years, 4 months, 26 days
In Office:  January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993
President: George H. W. Bush
[ Political Party: Republican

Dan Quaylephoto source: Wikimedia Commons


Dan Quayle was the 44th Vice President of the United States, serving under George H. W. Bush from 1989 – 1993. As vice president, Quayle made official visits to 47 countries and was appointed chairman of the National Space Council. Bush decided to keep Quayle as his vice president while running for a second term, but they lost to Bill Clinton and Al Gore.

While attending law school, Quayle became an investigator for the Consumer Protection Division of the Office of the Indiana Attorney General. Quayle also became an administrative assistant to Governor Edgar Whitcomb. Then in 1976, Quayle was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for Indiana’s 4th congressional district. A few years later, in 1980, Quayle became the youngest person ever elected to the Senate from the state of Indiana. Quayle continued in the Senate until he was chosen as Bush’s running mate in 1988. Quayle left political office after his time as vice president and moved to Arizona and worked as an investment banker.

Did You Know?

Dan Quayle is currently on the Board of Directors of Heckmann Corporation and is also the director of Aozora Bank, based in Tokyo, Japan.


3. Joe Biden (November 20, 1942 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 77 years, 7 months, 10 days
In Office:  January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017
President: Barack Obama
[ Political Party: Democratic

Joe Bidenphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Joe Biden was vice president under Barack Obama, but has been in the news more recently because he is the Democratic nominee for the 2020 presidential election. Unfortunately, Biden has also been under fire recently after former Biden staffer Tara Reade accused him of sexual assault. There have also been numerous accusations of inappropriate physical contact with women at public events such as embracing, kissing, gripping, or placing a hand on their shoulder.

After graduating from law school, Biden clerked at a Wilmington law firm headed by prominent local Republican William Prickett. At this time, Biden did consider himself a Republican, but later changed his mind because he didn’t like Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon. Biden continued to work as a public defender before becoming a senator in 1972. He was a senator from 1973 until he was selected as Obama’s vice president in 2008.

Did You Know?

As a child Joe Biden had a debilitating stutter, which he worked very hard to overcome. However, it has cropped up recently during his run for President and many people feel that this affected his performance in Democratic debates.


2. Dick Cheney (January 30, 1941 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 79 years, 5 months
In Office:  January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
President: George W. Bush
[ Political Party: Republican

Dick Cheneyphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Dick Cheney was the 46th Vice President and has often been cited as the most powerful vice president in American history. Cheney served under George W. Bush from 2001 – 2009. While Cheney might have held a lot of power, he was deeply unpopular and left office with an approval rating of just 13%.

Cheney began his political career as an intern for Congressman William A. Steiger, eventually working his way into the White House during the Nixon and Ford administrations. Following the Nixon and Ford presidencies, Cheney went on to hold various positions of power, including briefly serving as House minority whip in 1989 and secretary of defense under George H. W. Bush. During the Clinton years, Cheney was the Chairman and CEO of Halliburton Company before he was selected as George W. Bush’s vice president.

Did You Know?

In his free time, Dick Cheney is an avid hunter and fisher, his Secret Service code name was  “Angler,” and he made headlines in 2006 for accidentally shooting fellow hunter Harry Whittington in the face.


1. Walter Mondale (January 5, 1928 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 92 years, 5 months, 25 days
In Office:  January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981
President: Jimmy Carter
[ Political Party: Democratic

Walter Mondalephoto source: Wikimedia Commons

 

At 92 years of age, Walter Mondale is currently the oldest living former Vice President of the United States. Mondale served under Jimmy Carter, who is also still alive and in his 90s! Before being selected by Carter as his Vice President, Mondale was a Minnesota senator from 1964 to 1976. While in the Senate, Mondale supported consumer protection, fair housing, tax reform, and the desegregation of schools.

Following Carter’s defeat in 1980, Mondale decided to run for President in 1984. Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination and campaigned for a nuclear freeze, the Equal Rights Amendment, an increase in taxes, and a reduction of U.S. public debt. However, Mondale lost to the incumbents Reagan and Bush. Following this loss, Mondale Mondale joined the Minnesota-based law firm Dorsey & Whitney and the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs.

Mondale briefly tried to become a senator again, but lost the election. He returned to Dorsey & Whitney and also took up a part-time teaching position at the University of Minnesota’s Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs. Despite no longer being a politician, Mondale has remained active in the Democratic Party.

Did You Know?

From 1993 to 1996, Walter Mondale served as the United States Ambassador to Japan and was appointed to the position by President Bill Clinton.

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10 Oldest Airlines Still Operating in the World

Before the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic brought the world to a standstill, over 4.5 billion people flew around the world for business, pleasure, and everything in between. In recent years, air travel has increased significantly even though the cost of flying has only gone up. As the world becomes more mobile, more airlines have sprung up to meet the growing demand. However, some airlines, including some of the world’s largest, have been around since the early days of commercial aviation. All of the airlines on this list date back to the early 20th century.

As of June 2020, this list is as accurate as possible and all of the airlines on this list were still in operation at the time of publication.

10. Air Serbia

Date Founded: June 17, 1927
Headquarters:  Belgrade, Serbia
Primary Hub(s): Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport; Morava Airport; and Niš Constantine the Great Airport
Fleet Size: 21
Destinations: 63

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Air Serbia began in 1927 when Aeroput was founded as the flag carrier of Yugoslavia. Aeroput was in operation until 1947. That year, the airline rebranded as Jugoslovenski Aerotransport (“Yugoslav Air Transport”) or Jat Airways. Even after Yugoslavia became Serbia, the Jat Airways branding stuck around until 2013 when its name was finally changed to Air Serbia. Although Air Serbia is a fairly small airline, it does service over 60 destinations in 32 countries, including the U.S., France, Egypt, the UK, and many more.

Did You Know?

In 1967 Air Serbia (as Jat Airways) started its own catering service that was later used by Air France.


9. Grand Canyon Airlines

Date Founded: 1927
Headquarters:  Tusayan, Arizona, USA
Primary Hub(s): Grand Canyon National Park Airport; Boulder City Airport; and Page Municipal Airport
Fleet Size: 21
Destinations: 3

Grand Canyon Airlinesphoto source: Flickr via Nan Palmero

Grand Canyon Airlines was founded as a small charter service in 1927 by J. Parker Van Zandt at Grand Canyon, Arizona. Initially, the company was called Scenic Airways, but it changed its name to Grand Canyon Airlines in 1930. As the airline’s name suggests, Grand Canyon Airlines primarily services the Grand Canyon area, offering sightseeing tours as well as essential services. According to Grand Canyon Airlines, it is now the largest and longest-running air tour service in the world.

Did You Know?

To celebrate the opening of the legendary Arizona Biltmore Hotel on February 23, 1929, Grand Canyon Airlines dropped a wooden key onto the roof of the hotel’s ballroom. That wooden key is still on display above the fireplace of the Biltmore History Room.


8. American Airlines

Date Founded: April 15, 1926
Headquarters:  Fort Worth, Texas, USA
Primary Hub(s): Charlotte; Chicago – O’Hare; Dallas/Fort Worth; Los Angeles; Miami; New York – JFK; New York – La Guardia; Philadelphia;
Fleet Size: 871
Destinations: 350

American Airlinesphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Although American Airlines wasn’t officially formed until 1930 from a collective of 82 small airlines, the company traces its history back to April 15, 1926. That day Charles Lindbergh, as a pilot for the Robertson Aircraft Corporation, made what American Airlines considers the company’s first flight carrying mail from St. Louis, Missouri, to Chicago, Illinois. Robertson Aircraft Corporation eventually merged with Colonial Air Transport and then acquired several other small airlines. Today, American Airlines has grown into the world’s largest airline when measured by fleet size, scheduled passengers carried, and revenue passenger mile.

Did You Know?

In 1964, American Airlines became the first major passenger airline to hire a Black pilot, Dave Harris, who did not retire from piloting until 1994.


7. Delta Air Lines

Date Founded: May 2, 1925
Headquarters:  Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Primary Hub(s): Atlanta; Boston; Detroit; Los Angeles; Minneapolis/St. Paul; New York – JFK; New York – La Guardia; Salt Lake City; and Seattle/Tacoma
Fleet Size: 840
Destinations: 325

Delta Air Linesphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Delta Air Lines is the oldest airline from the United States still in operation. Delta was founded in 1925 as the world’s first aerial crop dusting operation called Huff Daland Dusters, Inc. Huff Daland quickly acquired more 18 planes and became the world’s largest privately-owned fleet at the time. In 1928, the company changed its name to Delta after the Mississippi Delta region. A year later, Delta started passenger operations. Since then, Delta has grown into the world’s second largest airline by number of scheduled passengers carried, revenue passenger-kilometers flown, and fleet size.

Did You Know?

Over its 95-year history, Delta Air Lines has made several firsts including becoming the first airline to offer jet training to its personnel in 1957, the first to offer complimentary meals on discounted coach flights in 1959, and in 2006 became the first major airline with in-seat, on-demand movies, games and live TV on a large portion of its domestic fleet.


6. Finnair

Date Founded: November 1, 1923
Headquarters:  Vantaa, Finland
Primary Hub(s): Helsinki Airport
Fleet Size: 84
Destinations: 132

Finnairphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Finnair is the flag carrier and largest airline of Finland and yet another old airline from Europe. Originally known as Aero, Finnair was founded in1923 by consul Bruno Lucander. Lucander had previously run the Finnish operations of the Estonian airline Aeronaut. Following World War II, the Finnish State acquired a majority holding in Finnair and the Finnish government remains as the airline’s major shareholder.

Did You Know?

Finnair has a reputation for being one of the safest airlines in the world and it has not had a fatal or hull-loss accidents since 1963.


5. Czech Airlines

Date Founded: October 6, 1923
Headquarters:  Vokovich, Prague, Czech Republic
Primary Hub(s): Václav Havel Airport Pragu
Fleet Size: 14
Destinations: 25

Czech Airlinesphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Compared to many of the other airlines on this list, Czech Airlines is fairly small with only 14 planes in its fleet servicing 25 destinations. However, Czech Airlines is one of the world’s oldest continuously operating airlines and was founded in 1923 as Czechoslovak State Airlines (CSA). Initially, Czech Airlines only flew domestically, but added its first international route in 1930 from Prague to Bratislava, Croatia. After the Czechoslovak Federation broke up in the 1990s, Czech Airlines rebranded to its current name in 1995.

Did You Know?

Czech Airlines was the first airline in the world to fly regular jet-only routes (between Prague and Moscow).


4. Aeroflot

Date Founded: February 3, 1923
Headquarters:  Moscow, Russia
Primary Hub(s): Sheremetyevo International Airport
Fleet Size: 247
Destinations: 146

Aeroflotphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Aeroflot is the flag carrier and largest airline in Russia. It is also the oldest airline in Eastern Europe, dating back to early 1923. Originally, the airline was called DOBOROLET or The Russian Society for Voluntary Air Fleet. While Aeroflot was operated by the USSR it was the largest airline in the world, with a fleet of over five thousand domestically-made aircraft and expanded to operate a domestic and international flight network of over three thousand destinations throughout the Soviet Union and the globe. However, this wasn’t sustainable and Aeroflot had a lot of accidents. Following the dissolution of the USSR, Aeroflot shrunk significantly, but it remains as one of the largest airlines today.

Did You Know?

Since July 2013, Aeroflot has been the official carrier of Manchester United Football Club and is the first ever sponsorship Manchester United has signed with a Russian company.


3. Qantas

Date Founded: November 16, 1920
Headquarters:  Mascot, Sydney, Australia
Primary Hub(s): Brisbane Airport, Melbourne Airport, and Sydney Airport
Fleet Size: 130
Destinations: 85

Qantasphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Qantas is Australia’s largest airline and the third continuously operating airline in the world. This iconic Australian airline was founded by World War One veterans Paul McGinness and Hudson Fysh, who wanted to connect Australia to the rest of the world. Initially, Qantas transported passengers from western Queensland to other parts of Australia. Qantas established its first international flight path in 1935 by connecting to Singapore. Today, Qantas reaches over 85 destinations both domestically and internationally.

Did You Know?

Qantas is an acronym for the airline’s original name, “Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services.”


2. Avianca

Date Founded: December 5, 1919
Headquarters:  Bogotá, Colombia
Primary Hub(s): El Dorado International Airport and San Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport (Avianca El Salvador)
Fleet Size: 102
Destinations: 114

Aviancaphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Avianca celebrated its 100th anniversary on December 5, 2019. The airline traces it history to the founding of the Sociedad Colombo-Alemana de Transportes Aéreos or SCADTA in late 1919. SCADTA operated as an independent airline for the next few decades, transporting passengers and cargo to nearby countries and the U.S.

Then, in 1940, SCADTA merged with regional Colombian airline SACO (acronym of Servicio Aéreo Colombiano), forming the new Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia S.A. or Avianca. After this, Avianca became the national airline of Colombia.

Did You Know?

Although Avianca is still technically in operation, in May 2020, Avianca filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and is one of several major airlines heavily affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic crisis.


1. KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

Date Founded: October 7, 1919
Headquarters:  Amstelveen, North Holland, Netherlands
Primary Hub(s): Amstelveen, North Holland, Netherlands
Fleet Size: 116
Destinations: 145

KLM Royal Dutch Airlinesphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

 

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines was founded on October 7, 1919 making it the oldest airline in continuous operation in the world. KLM (Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij) was founded by eight Dutch businessmen, including Frits Fentener van Vlissingen, as one of the world’s first commercial airline. A aviator lieutenant named Albert Plesman, who sponsored the First Aviation Exhibition Amsterdam (ELTA) earlier in 1919, was appointed as KLM’s first administrator and director. The first KLM flight took place on May 17, 1920. Since then, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines has grown to a fleet of 116 planes, servicing over 145 destinations.

Did You Know?

The last time that KLM Royal Dutch Airlines was involved with a major disaster was in 1977 when 583 people died when one of KLM’s planes attempted to take off without clearance, and collided with a taxiing Pan Am plane. This is known as the Tenerife disaster and it remains as the accident with the highest number of airliner passenger fatalities.

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10 Oldest Women Currently in Congress

In 1916, Jeannette Rankin made history when she became the first woman to hold federal office in the United States. Rankin was a suffragist and fought for women’s rights. Serving as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, Rankin paved the way for every woman who has served in Congress since then.
All of the women on this list have had long careers as politicians and public servants. Many of them started out in education and went on to start political careers to make a difference in their local communities. These women range in age from their late 70s to late 80s and show women and girls everywhere that its never too late to go after what you want.
As of June 2020, this list is as accurate as possible and will be updated as needed.

10. Anna Eshoo (December 13, 1942 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 77 years, 6 months, 10 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  California’s 18th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 1993

Anna Eshoophoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Anna Eshoo is the U.S. House Representative for California’s Silicon Valley area, a position she has held since 1993. Eshoo’s political career started in 1978 when she became the Chair of the San Mateo Democratic Party. She then went on to become a member of the Democratic National Committee. After this, Eshoo was chief of staff to Speaker pro tempore Leo McCarthy of the California State Assembly. Eshoo first made a bid of the House of Representatives in 1988, but ended up losing.

Did You Know?

Anna Eshoo – who is of Assyrian and Armenian descent –  is the only Assyrian American in Congress, and is also one of only two congresswomen of Armenian descent, with Jackie Speier being the other.


9. Frederica Wilson (November 5, 1942 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 77 years, 7 months, 18 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  Florida’s 24th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 2011

Frederica Wilsonphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Frederica Wilson has been serving Florida in the U.S. House of Representatives since 2011. Before becoming a Congresswoman, Wilson was a member of Florida’s Senate and the state’s House of Representatives. Wilson was also a teacher, principal, and a member of the Miami-Dade County School Board. As a Congresswoman, Wilson has fought to improve the quality of life for her constituency by creating jobs with dignity, improving education, stopping home foreclosures, safeguarding Medicare and Social Security, and strengthening ties with Haiti and the Caribbean.

Did You Know?

While Frederica Wilson was working as an educator, she founded the 5000 Role Models program, which seeks to bring down dropout rates.


8. Lucille Roybal-Allard (June 12, 1941 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 79 years, 11 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  California’s 40th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 1993

Lucille Roybal-Allardphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Lucille Roybal-Allard is one of the many Congresswomen on this list from California. Roybal-Allard has represented the 33rd, 34th, and now 40th district of the state and has been in office for over 26 years. As a Latina Congresswoman, Roybal-Allard has made many firsts, including being the first Latina to serve as one of the 12 “cardinals,” or chairs, of a House Appropriations Subcommittee, as well as the first Latina to serve on the House Appropriations Committee. Roybal-Allard is also the first woman to chair the Congressional Hispanic Caucus as well as the first woman to chair the California Democratic congressional delegation.

Did You Know?

In addition to making many firsts in Congress, Lucille Roybal-Alalrd founded the Women’s Working Group on Immigration Reform.


7. Donna Shalala (February 14, 1941 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 79 years, 4 months, 9 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  Florida’s 27th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 2019

Donna Shalalaphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Donna Shalala is a newer member of the House of Representatives, having won in Florida’s 27th district during the 2018 midterm elections. However, Shalala is no stranger to public service as she served as the18th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services under President Bill Clinton from 1993 to 2001. Shalala is the longest-serving Secretary of Health and Human Services in U.S. history. From 2015 – 2017, Shalala served as the president of the Clinton Foundation.

Did You Know?

In the early 1960s, Donna Shalala began her career in public service as one of the United States’ first Peace Corps volunteers in Iran.


6. Nancy Pelosi (March 26, 1940 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 80 years, 2 months, 28 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  California’s 12th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  June 2, 1987

Nancy Pelosiphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Nancy Pelosi made history in 2007 when she became the first woman to ever serve as Speaker of the House, one of the most powerful positions in the U.S. government. Pelosi was Speaker the first time from 2007 to 2011. When the Democrats won the majority in the House in the 2018 midterm elections, Pelosi was once again appointed Speaker at the start of the next year.

Before becoming Speaker of the House, Pelosi served as House minority leader from 2003 – 2007 and again from 2011 – 2019. Pelosi was the first woman to ever lead a party in Congress.

Did You Know?

During her first time as Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi was instrumental in passing many landmark bills, including the Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and the 2010 Tax Relief Act.


5. Maxine Waters (August 15, 1938 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 81 years, 10 months, 8 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  California’s 43rd District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 1991

photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Maxine Waters is another long-serving Democratic member of the House of Representatives from California. Waters is the most senior member of the twelve Black women currently serving in Congress. Beginning her political career in the 1970s, Waters has made a name for herself for being outspoken and critical of Republican presidents George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush, and Donald Trump. Additionally, Waters has always advocated for women, children, people of color, and the poor.

Did You Know?

In 2019, Maxine Waters became the first woman and first African American Chair of the House Financial Services Committee.


4. Nita Lowey (July 5, 1937 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 82 years, 11 months, 18 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  New York’s 17th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 1989

Nita Loweyphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Nita Lowey has been a member of the U.S. House of Representatives since 1989. This is Lowey’s last term in Congress as she announced in late 2019 that she would not be running for reelection in 2020. Over her three-decade long career, Lowey served in the Democratic Leadership in 2001 and 2002 as the first woman and the first New Yorker to chair the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

Did You Know?

In 2018, after the Democrats won the majority in the House of Representatives, Nita Lowey became the first woman to chair the powerful House Appropriations Committee.


3. Grace Napolitano (December 4, 1936 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 83 years, 6 months, 19 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  California’s 32nd District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 1999

Grace Napolitanophoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Grace Napolitano is another woman in her 80s who has been in Congress since the 1990s. Although Napolitano’s district has been redrawn a few times since she first assumed office in 1999, she has been able to win each of her reelection campaigns. Napolitano began her political career in 1986 when she became a member of the Norwalk City Council. Over the years, Napolitano has been a part of many committees including the Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands; Subcommittee on Water and Power; Subcommittee on Highways and Transit; and many more.

Did You Know?

Grace Napolitano had previously worked for the Ford Motor Company and worked her way up, holding various positions in the company, and retired in 1992.


2. Eddie Bernice Johnson (December 3, 1935 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 84 years, 6 months, 20 days
Chamber:  House of Representatives
State:  Texas’s 30th District
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  January 3, 1993

Eddie Bernice Johnsonphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Eddie Bernice Johnson has been the Representative for Texas’s 30th district since 1993. Johnson is the second oldest woman in Congress, but the oldest in the House of Representatives. Before becoming a politician for the first time in the early 1970s, Johnson worked for 16 years as Chief Psychiatric Nurse at the Dallas Veterans Administration Hospital, being the first African American woman to hold the position. During her time in Congress so far, Johnson has authored or co-authored more than 177bills that were passed by the House and Senate and signed into law by the president.

Did You Know?

When Eddie Bernice Johnson first ran for a seat in the Texas House in 1972, she was the underdog, but she ended up winning in a landslide and became the first Black woman ever elected to public office from Dallas.


1. Dianne Feinstein (June 22, 1933 – Present)

Current Age (as of June 2020): 87 years, 1 day
Chamber:  Senate
State:  California
Political Party:  Democratic
Assumed Office:  November 4, 1992

Dianne Feinsteinphoto source: Wikimedia Commons

Dianne Feinstein very recently celebrated her 87th birthday, making her the oldest women currently in Congress. Feinstein has been the a California Senator since 1992 and has worked from the government since the 1960s. Before being elected to the Senate, Feinstein was Mayor of San Francisco from 1978 – 1988. She was the first woman to ever hold that position. During the 1992 special election, Feinstein was on the same ballot as Barbara Boxer. Both women became California’s first female senators.

Did You Know?

Since 2017, Dianne Feinstein has been the longest-tenured female U.S. Senator currently serving in the Senate. Feinstein’s term isn’t set to expire until 2025 and should she continue in office until at least November 2022, she will become the longest-serving female Senator in history.

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